“Coded language, as defined by the National Education Association (NEA), is language that ‘substitut[es] terms describing racial identity with seemingly race-neutral terms that disguise explicit and/or implicit racial animus.’” Examples shared include college ready, achievement gap, at-risk youth, and grit, words that underpin the systemic racism faced by marginalized students without naming the systems of oppression and influence how teachers view their students.
America’s Retirement Race Gap, and Ideas for Closing It (New York Times)
Racism in the labor market is reflected in disparities in Social Security. Solutions include increasing full benefit received at age 62 to 85%, establish a more effective basic minimum benefit, reducing benefit formula from highest 35 years of earnings to 30 or 25 years, caregiver credit, and a government-funded trust account established at birth, otherwise known as “baby bonds.”
Black Lives Next Door (New York Times)
Richard Rothstein, whose book The Color of Law: A Forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated America provided incontrovertible documentary evidence of government responsibility for segregation across the country that separates races, calls for local activists mount local civil rights movements that “insist that [the mortgage companies and banks that denied mortagages to African-American home buyers] make substantial contributions to a fund that subsidizes African-Americans to purchase Hillsdale homes that would have been affordable when these institutions excluded Black home buyers but no longer are.”
Some Afro-Latinos say ‘Latinos for Black Lives Matter’ makes no sense (Washington Post)
Black Latinx find that their ethnic identity erases their racial identity, even though About 1 in 4 U.S. Latinos identify as Afro-Latino, according to a 2014 Pew Research Center survey. explores the complexities at the intersection of the two identities.
It Is Possible to Reform the Police. (New York Times)
Sociologist Neil Gross recommends three changes to reform police practices and reduce racial disparity in vehicle stops: 1) ban pretextual stops, 2) require written consent for searches, and 3) generate monthly statistics on the race of drivers stopped by each officer.
Faces of Power: 80% Are White, Even as U.S. Becomes More Diverse. (New York Times)
A review by The New York Times of more than 900 officials and executives in prominent positions [in businesses, military, government, higher education, Hollywood, and sports] found that about 20 percent identify as Black, Hispanic, Asian, Native American, multiracial or otherwise a person of color. About 40 percent of Americans identify with one of those groups.”